Bridge the gap between operations & engineering
Bridge the gap between operations & engineering


A Human Factors design approach aims for technical design optimization, but always with the Human Operator in mind. The webpages in this section provide useful information about Human Factors, Ergonomics and Safety, and how to integrate these subjects into the design process of a ship.

Maritime Human Factors/Ergonomics

‘Maritime Human Factors’ simply refers to the field of application: ships, offshore assets and similar work environments concerning sea, lakes, rivers, canals and harbours. Read more.

Regulations & guidelines

Several useful documents containing ergonomic regulations and guidelines are available. Read more. 

Task analysis

Each Human Factors contribution starts with a task analysis. This step is required to get information about how the human operators perform their tasks. Read more. 


A 3D model and some renderings are useful for visualising intermediate design results. For detailed workplace design however, nothing is as powerful as a mock-up. A mock-up is a full size 3D model, made of simple materials as wood and cardboard. Read more


A review of the Building Specification document (BS) and the General Arrangement drawing (GA) is usually the most efficient option, in case the Human Factors intervention is limited. Read more.

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